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高二英语过去分词作宾补的知识点介绍

来源:大餐菜谱   时间: 2019-04-15

  在高二的英语学习中,学生会学习到很多的知识点,下面学习啦的小编将为大家带来高中英语关于过去分词的的知识点介绍,希望能够帮助到大家。

  一. 过去分词用在表状态的动词keep,leave等的后面。

  Eg:They kept the door locked for a long time.

  Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open.(谚语:少说多看)

  Dont leave such an important thing undone.

  Dont leave the windows broken like this all the time.

  二.过分词用在get,have,make, 的后面。

  1.注意have +宾语+过去分词的两种情况:

  A)表让某人做某事/让某事(被人)做

  eg: I have had my bike repaired.

  The villagers had many trees planted just then.

  B)表遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受....影响,蒙受..... 损失

  Eg:I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

  The old man had his leg broken in the accident.

  He had his leg broken in the match yesterday.(MET1986)

  2.make+宾语+过去分词,在这种结构中,过去分词的动词必须是表示结果含义的。如:

  They managed to make themselves understood in very simple English.

  I raised my voice to make myself heard.

  三、过去分词用在感观动词watch,notice,see,hear,listen to ,feel,find等后面。如

  When we got to school,we saw the door locked.

  We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops.

  He felt himself cheated.

  The managers discussed the plan that they would like患上羊癫疯的患者在饮食上有需要注意的吗? to see carried out the next year.(NMET2000)

  四、过去分词用在want,wish,like ,expect等表示希望,愿望这一类动词后面做宾补。如

  The boss wouldnt like the problem discussed at the moment.

  I would like my house painted white.

  I want the suit made to his own measure.

  I wish the problem settled.

  五、过去分词用在with +宾语+宾补这一结构中,过去分词与宾语之间是动宾关系。如:

  The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

  With many brightly-coloured flowers planted around the building ,his house looks like a beautiful garden.

  With everything well arranged,he left the office.

  六、过去分词、现在分词、和不定式作宾补的区别。

  现在分词作宾补:宾语和补语之间是主谓关系。其动作与谓语动作同时进行。

  过去分词作宾补:宾语和补语之间是动宾关系。其动作先于谓语动作。

  不定式作宾补: 表一个完成的动作、或表一个很短时间内看到、听到或感觉到的具体动作。

  eg:He didnt notice me waiting.

  I heard the song sung in English.

  I saw him opening the window.

  I saw the window opened.

  I saw him open the window.

  I heard her sing the song in English.

  1.English is a widely used language.

  2.He threw away the broken cup.

  3.This is one of the schools built in 1980s.

  4.Prices of daily goods bought through a computer can 大同著名的癫痫医院be lower than store prices.

  单个过去分词作定语,常放在被修饰词的前面;

  过去分词短语作定语,常放在被修饰词的后面。

  spoken English

  = English which is spoken

  terrified people

  = the people who are terrified

  an organized way

  = a way that is organized

  affected area 灾区

  = the area which is affected

  stolen culture relics

  = culture relics that had been stolen

  the book recommended by the teacher

  = the book which was recommended by the teacher

  printed articles

  = articles that are printed

  1) Doctor John Snow was a well-known doctor in London. 定语

  2) John Snow told the astonished people in Broad Street. 定语

  3) He got interested in the two theories. 表语

  4) Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood 表语

  Past Participle as the Attribute定语 Past Participle as the Predicative表语

  1.terrified people1.people who are terrified

  2.reserved seats2.seats that are reserved

  3.polluted water3.water that is polluted

  4.a crowded room4.a room that is crowded

  5.a pleased winner5.a winner that is pleased

  6. Astonished c扬州儿童癫痫病好治吗hildren6.children who look astonished

  7.a broken vase 7.a vase that is broken

  8.a closed door8.a door that is closed

  9.the tired audience9.the audience who feel tired

  10.a trapped animal10.an animal that is trapped

  There are many fallen leaves on the ground.

  = There are many leaves which had fallen on the ground. (地上有许多落叶)

  Some of them, born and brought up in rural villages, had never been to Beijing.

  = Some of them , who had been born and brought up in rural villages, had never been to Beijing.

  (他们中的一些人,在农村出生并长大,从没去过北京)

  及物动词的过去分词表示结束了的被动动作或者没有一定的时间性,只表示被动关系。

  polluted water

  = water which is polluted

  reserved seats

  = the seats which were reserved

  trapped animal

  = the animal which was trapped

  不及物动词的过去分词不表被动,只表示动作发生在谓语动词之前,含有动作完成,动作结束之含义。

  boiled water

  = water which has boiled

  fallen leaves

  = the leaves which have fallen

  risen sun

  = the sun which has risen

  过去分词作定语也可用作非限制性定语,前后用逗号隔开。

  The books, written by Guo Jingming, are very popular with teenagers. 这些书是郭敬明写的,深受青少年的喜爱。羊角风的治疗费用是多少p>

  Some of them, born and brought up in rural villages, had never been to Beijing. 他们中的一些人,在农村出生并长大,从没过北京.

  The book _written by the farmer (一本农民写的书) is very popular.

  The building built last year (去年建的楼房) now collapsed in the Wenchuan earthquake.

  The problem discussed at the meeting yesterday (在昨天会议上讨论的) was very difficult to solve.

  The window broken by that naughty boy被那个顽皮男孩打破的) is being repaired.

  The children examined in the hospital yesterday昨天在医院检查的) were seriously ill.

  The people exposed to the sun (暴露在阳光下的) got sunburnt.

  The boy punished severely by the teacher (受到老师严厉惩罚的) is now a college student.

  The water delivered to his home (送到他家的水) carried disease.

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